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Scenario: Emergency


Scenario: Emergency


Scenario Earthquakes, tsunamis, floods, terrorist attacks, toxic waste spills, hurricanes…. Natural or manmade, these and other disaster events are increasingly becoming a fact of life that governments the world over must be prepared for. The occurrence of disasters (in number per year) has constantly increased over the last 60 years and has almost doubled during every decade of the last 30 years. Every year the number of people reported killed in the world due to disasters of different nature is in the hundreds of thousands, the number of people reported affected is in the hundreds of millions, and the amount of reported economic damage is in the hundreds of billions of US dollars2. Objective: Communication ScenarioDisasters are often combined with the destruction of the local telecommunication infrastructure, causing severe problems to the rescue operations. "Rapid communications save lives" said Ann M. Veneman, Executive Director of UNICEF. "In emergencies there is an urgent need for food, water, shelter, protection and medical help. None of these things are possible without quick and reliable communications." existing solutionsThe existing solution to overcome the communication problems is to use special satellite phones in the first hours after the disaster. With the help of more complex and bulky technologies it is possible to rebuild and deploy a wireless telecommunication infrastructure to transmit both voice and data, but these solutions require many hours to several days to be brought to the place of the disaster. WISECOM aims to fill this gap by developing a complete solution that can be rapidly deployed immediately after the disaster. In addition to supporting search and rescue operations, WISECOM also restores local GSM or 3G infrastructures allowing normal mobile phones to be used. Architecture: Satellite Architecture:SatelliteThe aim of WISECOM is to develop and test an instantly deployable micro-cell base station providing GSM or 3G coverage and wireless data access (e.g. WiFi) that can be carried by one person on board a flight and be deployed within minutes. The backhaul connection to the intact network infrastructure is realized by means of a satellite link. Such a system could be set up anywhere in the world where there is satellite coverage; the satellite technology identified for this purpose is Inmarsat BGAN, providing essentially global continuous coverage. This solution for the very first hours and days after an emergency should be replaceable by a medium-term unit that allows higher capacity and lower usage costs than the portable one. It may be used for days or weeks during the recovery phase, with connection ensured by means of a broadband satellite DVB-RCS link. Architecture The project aims to develop GSM/UMTS backhauling strategies and investigate regulatory and licensing aspects. The WISECOM solution also integrates location-based services for the purpose of locating lost or trapped people and aiding logistics of search and rescue operations by tracking rescue workers. Summary and Strategy The WISECOM project is co-funded by the European Commission3. It studies, develops, and validates by live trials candidate rapidly deployable lightweight communications infrastructures for emergency conditions (after a natural or industrial hazard). The system integrates terrestrial mobile radio networks - comprising GSM, UMTS, WiFi, and optionally WiMax and TETRA - over satellite, using Inmarsat BGAN and DVB-RCS systems. WISECOM uses lightweight and rapidly deployable technologies, and incorporates location-based services. The infrastructure is intended to cover immediate needs in the first hours and days after a disaster event, as well as medium to longer term needs, during the recovery and rebuilding phase following an emergency. line 2 Source: UN International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (UN/ISDR), www.unisdr.org 3 WISECOM is supported by EC funds under the FP6 IST Programme, contract number: 034673.

 
Location Voiture Alger